Kailes, J.I., and Enders, A. (2007). Moving Beyond “Special Needs”- A Function-Based Framework for Emergency Management and Planning. Journal of Disability Policy Studies. 17(4): 230-237.
This article introduces the concept of C-MIST (communication; maintaining health; independence; safety, support services, and self-determination; and transportation) as a framework for integrating considerations for individuals with access and functional needs into emergency preparedness, response, and recovery planning at all jurisdictional levels.