The CHASMS Conceptual Model of Cascading Disasters and Social Vulnerability The COVID-19 Case Example
Thomas, D., Jang, S., and Scandlyn, J. (2020). The CHASMS Conceptual Model of Cascading Disasters and Social Vulnerability: The COVID-19 Case Example. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 51. .
The “Cascading Hazards to disAsters that are Socially constructed eMerging out of Social Vulnerability” (CHASMS) model examines the relationship between health disparity, social vulnerability, and environmental justice and how these variables contribute to cascading disasters. The authors apply CHASMS to COVID-19 as an example “of how underlying inequities give rise to foreseeable inequitable outcomes.”