Finnerty, C., Ali, A., McClean, J., et al. (2014). Impact of Stress-Induced Diabetes on Outcomes in Severely Burned Children. Journal of the American College of Surgery. 218(4): 783–795.
This article describes a randomized study of pediatric patients with burns covering ≥ 30% of their body who either received insulin on a sliding scale, or did not receive insulin at all. Results were mixed; notably there were no deaths in the group that did not receive insulin, but there were deaths in the group that did receive insulin.