Kyriacou, D., Dobrez, D., Parada, J., et al. (2012). Cost-Effectiveness Comparison of Response Strategies to a Large-Scale Anthrax Attack on the Chicago Metropolitan Area: Impact of Timing and Surge Capacity. Biosecurity Bioterrorism 10(3): 264-279.
The authors examined the cost-effectiveness of a response to an anthrax attack based on pre- and post-attack prophylaxis and/or vaccination. Their results indicated that post-attack antibiotic prophylaxis and vaccination of all exposed people would be the most cost-effective response strategy for a large-scale anthrax attack.