U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Department of Transportation, and U.S. Department of Homeland Security. (2018). Nerve Agent Information for Emergency Medical Services and Hospitals.
This tip sheet can serve as a refresher on standard protocols for recognizing, treating, and protecting emergency responders and medical practitioners from nerve agent exposures. This document also compares and contrasts the clinical effects of nerve agents and opioids as an aid to distinguishing nerve agent exposure from opioid overdose cases.