Hick, J., Einav, S., Hanfling, D., et al. (2020). Surge Capacity Principles: Care of the Critically Ill and Injured During Pandemics and Disasters – Figure 1. Chest. 146(4_supplement): e1S–e16S. .
This figure depicts a framework for how critical care expands from conventional to contingency to crisis based on morbidity and incident demands and operating conditions. The goal is 200% expansion of critical care capacity during a crisis.