Horton, D., Berkowitz, Z., and Kaye, W. (2003). Secondary Contamination of ED Personnel from Hazardous Materials Events, 1995-2001. (Abstract only.) American Journal of Emergency Medicine. 21(3):199-204.
The authors examined hazardous materials events from 1995-2001 and found that the main injuries sustained by emergency medical responders were respiratory and eye irritation. They found that victim decontamination procedures, field-to-hospital communication, and appropriate personal protective equipment can help prevent these types of injuries and responder contamination.