Williams, F.N., Herndon, D.N., Hawkins, H.K., et al. (2009). The Leading Causes of Death after Burn Injury in a Single Pediatric Burn Center. Critical Care. 13(6):R183.
The authors reviewed autopsy reports for 144 pediatric burn patients admitted to their burn center from 1989-2009. The leading cause of death over the 20-year period was sepsis (47% overall; 54% for 1999-2009), followed by respiratory failure (29%), anoxic brain injury (16%), and shock (8%). Multi-drug resistant bacteria are believed to account for the increase in sepsis over time.