A Descriptive Analysis of Prehospital Response to Hazardous Materials Events
Martin, A., Lohse, C., and Sztajnkrycer, M. (2015). A Descriptive Analysis of Prehospital Response to Hazardous Materials Events. (Abstract only.) Prehospital Disaster Medicine. 30(5):466-71.
The authors analyzed 2,527 unique activations involving HazMat response from 2012 National EMS Information System (NEMSIS) Public Release Research Data. Overall, the mass casualty incident code was used for 5.6% of activations, and the most common on-scene level of care was basic life support (only 2.1% required advanced life support response). Most common incident locations were the home (36.2%), streets or highways (26.3%), and health care facilities (11.6%). Pain (29.6%), breathing problems (12.2%) and changes in responsiveness (9.6%) were the main symptoms observed by pre-hospital medical professionals.