Bell, W.C., and Dallas, C.E. (2007). Vulnerability of Populations and the Urban Health Care Systems to Nuclear Weapon Attack--Examples from Four American Cities. International Journal of Health Geographics. 28;6:5.
The authors analyzed the potential effects of 20 kiloton and 550 kiloton nuclear detonations on New York City, Chicago, Washington D.C., and Atlanta, and discuss the relative damage from radiation and blast injuries in each scenario. They conclude that most of the necessary health care resources will be within the blast and/or plume zone, further exacerbating what is expected to be a scarcity of resources following a nuclear weapon detonation.