Gillespie, G.L., Gates, D.M., Kowalenko, T., et al. (2014). Implementation of a Comprehensive Intervention to Reduce Physical Assaults and Threats in the Emergency Department. (Abstract only.) Journal of Emergency Nursing. 40(6): 586-591.
The authors measured the effectiveness of a workplace violence reduction program against emergency department workers. While their original hypothesis was not supported, two intervention sites did see significant decreases in violence.