Iddona, C.R., Mills, T.C., Giridharand, R., and Lomas, K.J. (2015). The Influence of Hospital Ward Design on Resilience to Heat Waves: An Exploration Using Distributed Lag Models. Energy and Buildings. 86: 573-588.
The authors use models to measure the resilience of different medical building types to excessive heat. They found that masonry and Nightingale wards (a large room without subdivisions) fared better than rooms in light-weight modular buildings.