Chiu, C., Schnall, A., Mertzlufft, C., et al. (2013). Mortality from a Tornado Outbreak, Alabama, April 27, 2011. American Journal of Public Health. 103(8): e52-e58.
The authors examined the demographics of the 247 decedents from the tornado outbreak in Alabama on April 27, 2011 and found that females and older adults were at highest risk for tornado-related deaths. The authors stressed the importance of local community shelters (and messaging to inform residents of shelter locations); encouragement of word-of-mouth warnings; and personal and family preparedness planning (with a focus on helping vulnerable population members take shelter).