Norris, F., Friedman, M., Watson, P., et al. (2002). 60,000 Disaster Victims Speak: Part I. An Empirical Review of the Empirical Literature, 1981-2001. Psychiatry. 65(3):207-39.
The authors of this landmark paper examined 160 samples of disaster victims and coded their experiences by sample type, disaster type, disaster location, outcomes and risk factors observed, and overall severity of impairment. The most frequently mentioned results by the survivors were psychological problems, nonspecific distress, and health problems.