Yabuki, S., Ouchi, K., Kikuchi, S., and Konno, S. (2015). Pain, Quality of Life and Activity in Aged Evacuees Living in Temporary Housing after the Great East Japan Earthquake of 11 March 2011: A Cross-Sectional Study in Minamisoma City, Fukushima Prefecture. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 16:246.
The authors surveyed 71 older evacuees and found significantly lower quality-of-life scores (compared to the national average) for the following subscales: “physical functioning,” “role physical,” “general health,” “social functioning,” “role emotional,” and “mental health.” The authors emphasize the importance of treating both physical and emotional effects experienced by disaster survivors.