Bonanno, G.A., Pat-Horenczyk, R., and Noll, J. (2012). Coping Flexibility and Trauma: The Perceived Ability to Cope With Trauma (PACT) Scale. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy. 3(2): 117-129.
This article describes the development and validation of the Perceived Ability to Cope With Trauma (PACT) scale and associated scales that, in part, represent the ability to process and move beyond trauma. The authors studied a sample of Israeli students sample with a higher potential of being exposed to trauma and a sample of American college students.