Emergency Medical Services
Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services and Virginia Department of Health. (2007). Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Surge Planning Template and Toolbox for Mass Casualty Incidents (MCI) in Virginia.
This planning tool can help emergency medical service (EMS) providers develop their own mass casualty incident plans. Several annexes are included under the section "EMS Mutual Aid and Surge Tool Box List." Note this is based on some historical assumptions for on-scene triage and injury patterns that may not be applicable to a mass violence event (access the ASPR TRACIE Mass Casualty Trauma Triage Paradigms and Pitfalls document: https://files.asprtracie.hhs.gov/documents/aspr-tracie-mass-casualty-triage-final-508.pdf).