Kramer, D.B., Baker, M., Ransford, B., et al. (2012). Security and Privacy Qualities of Medical Devices: An Analysis of FDA Postmarket Surveillance. PLoS One. 7(7):e40200.
The authors evaluated recalls and adverse events related to security and privacy risks of medical devices and found “sharp inconsistencies” in the way individual providers secured devices. The authors challenged manufacturers and regulators to consider the security and privacy elements of their devices and systems and to build the ability to collect cybersecurity threat indicators into their medical devices.