Morton, M., DeAugustinis, M., Velasquez, C., et al. (2015). Developments in Surge Research Priorities: A Systematic Review of the Literature Following the Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference, 2007-2015.. Academic Emergency Medicine. 22(11):1235-52.
This literature review of more than 60 articles related to surge metrics found that while disaster simulation studies have advanced the study of disaster surge, use of reverse triage approaches and altered standards of care, as well as Internet-based tools such as Google Flu Trends, have also proven effective. The authors note that more work needs to be done regarding standardizing research methodologies and outcomes and validating disaster surge metrics.