Greenwald, P., Rutherford, A., Green, R. et. al. (2004). Emergency Department Visits for Home Medical Device Failure During the 2003 North American Blackout. Academic Emergency Medicine. 11(7):786-789.
The authors assessed the characteristics of community-based medical device dependent individuals that rapidly sought assistance in the emergency department during the Northeast Blackout of 2003. The study sought to characterize the population and identify specific emergency planning scenarios and resources that could inform planning and response activities in any future emergencies or disasters.