Cone, D., Serra, J., and Kurland, L. (2011). Comparison of the SALT and SMART Triage Systems Using a Virtual Reality Simulator with Paramedic Students. European Journal of Emergency Medicine.18(6): 314-321.
Paramedic students (N=22) were trained on SALT and then applied it to triage a bus crash scene; this was repeated 3 months later with SMART. The authors concluded that virtual reality seems to be a viable research tool for examining mass casualty triage, and participants triaged simulated patients faster and with greater accuracy with SMART triage vs. SALT triage.