Kilner, T.M., Brace, S.J., Cooke, M.W., et al. (2011). In 'Big Bang' Major Incidents Do Triage Tools Accurately Predict Clinical Priority?: A Systematic Review of the Literature. (Abstract only.) Injury. 42(5):460-8.
The authors reviewed 11 papers as part of a literature review conducted to identify existing triage tools and to determine the extent to which their reliability and validity have been assessed. They concluded that there is limited evidence for the validity of existing triage tools in ‘big bang’ major incidents, and what evidence there is focuses on sensitivity and specificity in relation to prediction of trauma death or severity of injury based on data from single or small number patient incidents.