Borden, K.A., Schmidtlein, M.C., Emrich, C.T., et al. (2007). Vulnerability of U.S. Cities to Environmental Hazards. (Abstract only.) Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management. Volume 4, Issue 2, ISSN (Online) 1547-7355.
The authors of this paper explore the variability in vulnerability to natural hazards among 132 urban areas using three indices of vulnerability: social; built environment; and hazard impact. They also examine the relative levels of vulnerability compared to federal Urban Areas Security Initiative (UASI) funding.