Gillett, B., Peckler, B., Sinert, R., et al. (2008). Simulation in a Disaster Drill: Comparison of High-fidelity Simulators versus Trained Actors. Academic Emergency Medicine. 15(11): 1144–1151.
Physicians, residents, medical students, clerks, and paramedics participated in a study that compared high-fidelity simulators and use of trained actors to test their responses during 8 different scenarios. Participants’ performance was similar for both simulation methods, and all indicated that “the simulators closely mimicked real-life scenarios, accurately represented disease states, and heightened the realism of patient assessment and treatment options during the drill.”