Zhang, Q. and Wang, D. (2015). Assessing the Role of Voluntary Self-Isolation in the Control of Pandemic Influenza Using a Household Epidemic Model. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 12(8):9750-9767.
The authors modeled the effect of voluntary self-isolation when distribution of antivirals is delayed and found that it reduced the transmission of pandemic influenza. Voluntary self-isolation is more effective the closer in time to symptom onset it is implemented and loses effectiveness as the proportion of asymptomatic infections increases.