Carias, C., Rainisch, G., Shankar, M., et al. (2015). Potential Demand for Respirators and Surgical Masks During a Hypothetical Influenza Pandemic in the United States. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 60(suppl_1):S42-S51.
The authors modeled demand for N95 filtering facepiece respirators and surgical masks during an influenza pandemic under base case, intermediate demand, and maximum demand scenarios. Because the billions of respirators and masks required under all three scenarios would likely exceed supply, the authors suggest the consideration of other strategies, including extended use and reuse of respirators and the use of other types of respirators.