Huang, H., Araz, O., Morton, D., et al. (2017). Stockpiling Ventilators for Influenza Pandemics. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 23(6).
The authors developed a model to determine the optimal local versus central storage allocation of mechanical ventilators based on risk and stockpiling cost. Using data from Texas under mild, moderate, and severe scenarios, they found while central stockpiles may be more cost-effective, they are only advisable when there is little correlation in peak demand among local areas and deployment from a central location is highly reliable.