Leahy, M.F. and Mukhtar, S. (2012). From Blood Transfusion to Patient Blood Management: A New Paradigm for Patient Care and Cost Assessment of Blood Transfusion Practice. (Abstract only.) Internal Medicine Journal. 42(3):332-8.
This article addresses ways in which individual patient management decisions, applied systematically, can reduce blood product waste. There are discussions on patient types, blood needs and blood transfusion options.