Heldenberg, E., Givon, A., Simon, D., et al. (2016). Civilian Casualties of Terror-Related Explosions: The Impact of Vascular Trauma on Treatment and Prognosis. (Abstract only.) The Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 81(3):435-40.
Vascular casualties from Improvised Explosive Devices are more complex and have a poorer prognosis. This has implications for victim triage with such injuries and selection of receiving hospitals.