Farchi, M., Levy, T., Ben Gershon, B., et al. (2018). The SIX Cs Model for Immediate Cognitive Psychological First Aid: From Helplessness to Active Efficient Coping. International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience. 20(2): 1-12.
This paper discusses the SIX Cs (i.e., cognitive communication, challenge, control, commitment and continuity) model for immediate cognitive-functional psychological first aid, the national psychological first aid model used by Israel. It may be implemented by lay persons, as well as professionals “to help shift the person from helplessness & passiveness into active effective functioning, within minutes, in the immediate aftermath of a perceived traumatic event.”