Brooks, S., Dunn, R., Amlot, R., et al. (2016). Social and Occupational Factors Associated with Psychological Distress and Disorder Among Disaster Responders: A Systematic Review. BMC Psychology. 4(18).
The authors conducted a literature review to determine the social and occupational factors related to the psychological impact of disasters on “any occupational group responding to disasters.” They listed pre-disaster factors (e.g., training and preparedness, general health); during-disaster factors (e.g., duration on site and arrival time); and post-disaster factors (professional support, coping strategies) that had an effect on responders.