Yafe, E., Walker, B., Amram, O., et al. (2019). Volunteer First Responders for Optimizing Management of Mass Casualty Incidents. (Abstract only.) Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness. 13(2): 287–294.
The Volunteer First Responder (VFR) program was developed in Israel to help manage mass casualty incident triage and evacuation. The authors share lessons learned from three incidents and found that VFRs were consistently the first to arrive on the scene and significantly helped with the health response in all settings.