Skryabina, E., Reedy, G., Amlot, R., et al. (2017). What is The Value of Health Emergency Preparedness Exercises? A Scoping Review Study. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 21: 274-283.
The authors conducted a literature review on the effects of exercises on emergency response within the healthcare community. They found that exercises were effective at “improving participants’ knowledge of emergency activities, policies and procedures and improving overall competence and confidence,” and “improved perceptions of preparedness, and improved understanding of individual roles, and roles of partners.” They note that it is unclear if these improvements positively impact actual emergency response.