Literature Review and Global Consensus on Management of Acute Radiation Syndrome Affecting Nonhematopoietic Organ Systems
Dainiak, N., Gent, R.N., Carr, Z., et al. (2011). Literature Review and Global Consensus on Management of Acute Radiation Syndrome Affecting Nonhematopoietic Organ Systems. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness. 5(3):183-201.
A panel convened by the World Health Organization conducted a literature review to rank countermeasures for acute radiation sickness (ARS). Data was limited, and based on nonirradiated humans and animal models. The panel applied these findings to a hypothetical scenario involving the hospitalization of 100 to 200 victims. Recommendations include the prophylactic use of a serotonin-receptor antagonist when the suspected exposure is greater than 2 Gy, and topical steroids, antibiotics, and antihistamines for radiation burns, ulcers, or blisters.