Wallinga, J., van Boven, M., and Lipsitch, M. (2009). Optimizing Infectious Disease Interventions During an Emerging Epidemic. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 107(2):923-8.
The authors present a framework for allocating scarce resources and implementing interventions to limit or stop transmission during an epidemic, using limited data. They state that interventions should be targeted at groups with the highest risk of infection per individual to have the greatest impact, and that adjustments may be made as more data becomes available during the course of the epidemic.