Gutierrez de Ceballos, J., Turégano-Fuentes, F., Perez-Diaz, D., et al. (2005). 11 March 2004: The Terrorist Bomb Explosions in Madrid, Spain– An Analysis of the Logistics, Injuries Sustained and Clinical Management of Casualties Treated at the Closest Hospital. Critical Care. 9(1):104-111.
In 2004, 10 bombs exploded in four commuter trains in Madrid, Spain. The authors provide an in-depth overview of the 250 patients with severe injuries and found the following injuries in patients: soft tissue and musculoskeletal injuries (85%), ear blast injury (67%), blast lung injury (63%), and head trauma (52%).