Schauer, S.G., April, M.D., Simon, E., et al. (2017). Prehospital Interventions During Mass-Casualty Events in Afghanistan: A Case Analysis. (Abstract only.) Prehospital and Disaster Medicine. 32(4):465-468.
The authors reviewed data on 50 mass casualties from explosions obtained from the Department of Defense Trauma Registry and the Pre-hospital Trauma Registry. They note that the most common pre-hospital interventions were tourniquet and pressure dressing hemorrhage control, and pain medication administration.