Culley, J., Richter, J., Donevant, S., et al. (2017). Validating Signs and Symptoms From An Actual Mass Casualty Incident to Characterize An Irritant Gas Syndrome Agent (IGSA) Exposure: A First Step in The Development of a Novel IGSA Triage Algorithm. (Free registration required.)
The authors used patient data from a chemical incident to describe, categorize, and validate symptoms and signs of irritant gas syndrome agent exposures. They grouped signs/symptoms into three clusters: respiratory, chest discomfort, and eye, nose, and/or throat pain.