National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2019). Dialysis Transportation: Intersection of Transportation and Healthcare.
In every disaster, transportation is the second most common failure to access to dialysis treatment after facility closures. This report examines the relationship between the increase in chronic kidney and end stage renal disease and the use of specialized public sector transportation (e.g., ADA paratransit, Medicaid's non-emergency medical transportation, Veterans Administration vehicles, human service agencies, taxis, and ambulances). Strategies for improving reliability and addressing funding challenges are discussed throughout the report.