Downey, L., Ireson, C., Slavova, S., and McKee, G. (2008). Defining Elements of Success: A Critical Pathway of Coalition Development. (Abstract only.) Health Promotion Practice. 9(2):130-9.
The authors present a model that describes milestones in coalition formation. They conclude that a clear definition of the coalition structure; coalition enhancement; funding; community support; leadership; education and outreach to the community; membership; partnerships; data and evaluation; and publicity are critical to coalition formation.